Aircraft Hangar Information
Our Workshop: An Airplane Hangar.
By Hall, A. Neely
The toy stores are full of airplanes, large, medium-sized and tiny models, some that fly and some that do not. In looking over them the other day, and marveling at the variety and the quantity, the thought came to us that among the stores throughout the country, there must be enough airplanes to supply every child. And then as we envisioned you and each reader of "Our Workshop" page receiving one of these interesting toys from the Christmas tree, it occurred to us how much more fun you would have with a hangar to house your "ship." Straightway, the plan for the homemade hangar shown in Figure 1 took form, and here is the way to build it.
First, get a wooden box at a grocery, paint store, hardware store, or dry goods store. The size is not important, providing it is large enough. If it will make a hangar of two-plane capacity, so much the better. You will need boards from another box for the roof and also for doors. Remove one end of the box for the hangar entrance. Be careful not to split the side and bottom boards. Loosen the nails, then withdraw them. The best way to loosen them is to place a piece of board inside the box, hammer on this until the boards have sprung apart, then drive back the boards with sharp raps of the hammer. This should leave the nail heads sticking out far enough to grip with the claw of your hammer.
Fasten the free ends of the side boards together by driving nails slanted through one board into the other, and fasten the ends of the bottom boards with a strip that has been beveled, or cut to slope, to form a ramp that wheels can run up.
Windows may be painted upon the box sides, but it is not difficult to cut openings, after you have marked them out of equal size and equal spacing. The first step is to bore a hole in each corner, as shown in Figure 2. Then with a compass saw, or other small saw, cut from corner hole to corner hole, and then trim up the edges of the openings with a file and sandpaper.
You can make a flat roof, but most hangar roofs are curved. It is not hard to make a curved roof. Two gable ends of equal size are required (Figures 3 and 4). Make a cardboard pattern, as shown in Figure 5, using a piece of string, a tack, and a pencil for a compass. The length of the string will depend upon the height of gable wanted. When you have drawn the pattern, cut it out with scissors, and mark out around it on two pieces of boards. Saw out the pieces, cutting as close to the outlines as you can, then smooth up with a plane and sandpaper. A file is handy for shaping curved edges. Fasten the gable ends across the box ends, as shown.
The roof boards must be narrow. You can saw box boards into narrow strips, or use laths or lattice strips. Cut the strips of the right length to extend across the gable end pieces, and fasten them with small nails. Get a sheet of corrugated cardboard, such as is used for packing fragile articles, for the top covering. This makes excellent imitation sheet metal roofing. Spread it over the boarded roof, and fasten it with glue and tacks. Trim off the edges, so there will be a slight projection on all sides.
If you saved the box end that you removed, saw it in half for the hangar doors. Buy two pairs of small hinges, attach a pair to each door, as shown in Figure 6, and then screw them to the edges of the side walls. To fasten the doors when shut, use hooks and eyes (Figure 7), or metal or wooden buttons (Figure 8), fastening these above the doors, as shown in Figure 1.
Finish the hangar inside and out with two coats of paint, enamel, or lacquer. Maybe Mother can give you some left-over paint from the last furniture she refinished. Gray is good for the outside of a hangar, white for the inside. But red, green, or yellow makes a more attractive toy.
You will want a "windsock," or "wind cone," the aviators' indicator of the direction of wind near the ground. You can mount it upon the roof of the hangar. Figure 9 shows a detail. Bend a piece of wire into a frame like that shown in Figure 10, with ends hooked to fit over a nail. Slip a nail through the hooks, and wrap thread coated with glue around the nail below the lower hook, for a bearing. Make the cone of paper, and glue it to the frame.